CLUSTER FOSTER CARE: A PANACEA FOR THE CARE OF CHILDREN IN THE ERA OF HIV/AIDS OR AN MCQ?

Jacqui Gallinetti, Julia Sloth-Nielsen

Abstract


The ravages wrought by HIV/AIDS on child-care arrangements in the African context are well
documented (Richter & Sherr, 2009; Sloth-Nielsen & Mezmur, 2008; Tsegaye, 2007; sources
cited there). Notably, these constitute the breakdown of traditional kinship structures which
would ordinarily have accommodated orphans and other vulnerable children, a decrease in the
capacity of existing extended family structures to care for the numbers of children requiring
alternative care, and the emergence of child-headed households. The topic of child-headed
households, too, has emerged as a key concept in international child rights law (Couzens &
Zaal, 2009; Sloth-Nielsen, 2004; Sloth-Nielsen in Skelton & Davel, 2010; UN Committee on
the Rights of the Child (UNCROC), General Comment No. 3 on HIV/AIDS and the rights of
the child, 2003), and this phenomenon has been directly related to the onset of the pandemic.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15270/46-4-154

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