BRIDGING THE GREAT DIVIDE: MODIFYING TRAUMATIC MEMORIES

Mariette van der Merwe

Abstract


Social workers and other professionals in South Africa are constantly challenged by the impact
of extreme traumatic events on many of their client populations. This article focuses on a
specific area of post-trauma intervention, namely understanding and actively working with
traumatic memories. The underlying theoretical paradigm is the constructive narrative
perspective (Meichenbaum, 1994) with a focus on more than mere information processing.
Account-making and restorying traumatic material into a verbal narrative is core work.
Meichenbaum (1994:103) rightly postulates: “People make meaning of their lives by
organizing key events into stories which they incorporate into a larger life narrative.” The
process of meaning-making incorporates each individual’s subjective interpretation of events.
Psycho-education is a central part of the process to empower traumatised persons to initiate the
process of memory shifting

Full Text:

PDF

References


APPELBAUM, P.S., UYEHARA, L.A. & ELIN, M.R. 1997. (eds) Trauma and memory:

clinical and legal controversies. New York: Oxford University Press.

BISBEY, S. & BISBEY, L.B. 1998. Brief therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Traumatic incident reduction and related techniques. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

BREWIN, C.R. 1989. Cognitive change processes in psychotherapy. Psychological Review,

:379-394.

BREWIN, C.R., DALGLEISH, T. & JOSEPH, S. 1996. A dual representation theory of posttraumatic

stress disorder. Psychological Review. 103:670-686.

BREWIN, C.R. 2003. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: malady or myth? London: Yale

University Press.

DRAUCKER, C.B. & MARTSOLF, D.S. 2006. Counselling survivors of childhood sexual

abuse (3rd ed). London: Sage Publications.

FOA, E.B. & KOZAK, M.J. 1986. Emotional processing of fear: exposure to corrective

information. Psychological Bulletin, 99:20-35.

FOA, E.B. & MEADOWS, E.A. 1998. Psychosocial treatments for post-traumatic stress

disorder. In: YEHUDA, R. (ed) Psychological trauma. Washington: American Psychiatric

Press: 179-199.

GELDARD, K. & GELDARD, D. 2002. Counselling children. A practical introduction (2nd

ed). London: Sage Publications.

GIARRATANO, L. 2004. Clinical skills for treating traumatised adolescents. Evidence

based treatment for PTSD. Australia: Talomin Books.

HAGH-SHENAS, H., GOLDSTEIN, L. & YULE, W. 1999. Psychobiology of post-traumatic

stress disorder. In: YULE, W. (ed) Post-traumatic stress disorders. Concepts and therapy.

New York: John Wiley & Sons.

HERMAN, J.L. 2001. Trauma and recovery (rev ed). USA: Basic Books.

JANOFF-BULMAN, R. 1992. Shattered assumptions. Towards a new psychology of

trauma. New York: The Free Press.

MEICHENBAUM, D. 1994. Treating post-traumatic stress disorder. A handbook and

practice manual for therapy. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

MEICHENBAUM, D. 2000. Treating patients with PTSD: A constructive narrative approach.

National Centre for PTSD Clinical Quarterly, 9(4):55-59.

MITCHELL, S. 2005. Debriefing after traumatic situations – using narrative ideas in the Gaza

strip. The International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work, (2):23-28.

MONAHON, C. 1993. Children and trauma. A parent’s guide to helping children heal.

Toronto: Lexington Books.

POTOCKY-TRIPODI, M. & TRIPODY, T. (eds) 1999. New directions for social work

practice research. Washington: NASW Press.

PYNOOS, R.S. & NADER, K. 1993. Issues in the treatment of posttraumatic stress in

children and adolescents. In: WILSON, J.P. & RAPHAEL, B. (eds) International

handbook of traumatic stress syndromes. New York: Plenum Press: 535-550.

ROSEN, G.M. (ed) 2004. Post-traumatic stress disorder. Issues and controversies. West

Sussex: John Wiley and Sons.

SCOTT, M.J. 2000. Assessment and conceptualization. In: SCOTT, M.J. & PALMER, S. (eds)

Trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder. London: Cassell: 15-32.

SCOTT, M.J. & PALMER, S. (eds) Trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder. London:

Cassell.

VAN DER KOLK, B.A. 1997. Traumatic memories. In: APPELBAUM, P.S., UYEHARA,

L.A. & ELIN, M.R. (eds) Trauma and memory: clinical and legal controversies. New York:

Oxford University Press.

VAN DER MERWE, M. 1999. A social work practice model for young children

traumatised by witnessing sudden, unexpected extreme life events. Stellenbosch: University

of Stellenbosch. (Unpublished DPhil Dissertation)

WASTELL, C. 2005. Understanding trauma and emotion. Dealing with trauma using an

emotion-focused approach. New York: Open University Press.

WILLIAMS, M.B. & POIJULA, S. 2002. The PTSD Workbook. Oakland, California: New

Harbinger Publications.

ZOELLNER, L.A. & BITTENGER, J.N. 2004. On the uniqueness of trauma memories in

PTSD. In: ROSEN, G.M. (ed) Post-traumatic stress disorder. Issues and controversies.

West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons: 147-162.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15270/45-3-205

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





ISSN 2312-7198  (online) ; ISSN 0037-8054 (print)


Powered by OJS and hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2014.


Disclaimer:

This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.

SUNJournals Help