Roseline September


Numerous civil society organisations as well as the National Children’s Rights Committee
(NCRC) and UNICEF supported South Africa’s post-apartheid government to institutionalise
children’s rights as a fundamental pillar of the new democracy. Towards this end, in 1995 the
government ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Child (1989) (the CRC). Drawing on
this international standard, children’s rights was enshrined in Section 28 of the SA Constitution
(1996). Further to cover the particular vulnerabilities of African children, the government also
ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (the ACRWC) in 2000.
Collectively these instruments seek to ensure that children have a range of integrated political,
civil, cultural and socio-economic rights. In addition to the general human rights to equality, a
basic education and the right to dignity, children have additional socio-economic rights,
including the right to family and parental care, or to appropriate alternative care when removed
from their family setting; to basic nutrition, shelter, health care, social services and to be
protected from maltreatment, neglect, abuse and degradation. By ratifying the international
children’s rights instruments and through its national constitutional provisions for children’s
rights, the SA government accepted an obligation to put in place mechanisms to realise these
rights. However, the nation made these laudable commitments within a context of the huge
resource and capacity challenges required for their implementation.

Full Text:




http://web.amnesty.org/library/pdf/IOR630061998ENGLISH/$File/IOR630 0698.pdf.

ANDREWS, C. 1980. Is blood thicker than local authorities? Social Work Today, 12(1):19-21.

BARBERTON, C. 2006. The cost of the Children’s Bill: estimates of the cost to government

of the services envisaged by the comprehensive Children’s Bill for the period 2005 to 2010.

Cornerstone Economic Research.

BOND, P. 2002. Fanon’s warning: a civil society reader on the new partnership for

Africa’s development. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press.

BOUSHEL, M. & LEBACQ, M. 1992. Towards empowerment in child protection work.

Children & Society, 6(1):38-50.

BUCKELY, H. 2005. Reviewing children first: some considerations. Irish Journal of Family

Law, November 3.

CHANNER, Y. & PARTON, C. 1990. Racism, cultural relativism and child protection. In:

Violence against children study group. Taking child abuse seriously. London: Routledge:


CHILD CARE ACT 38. 2005. Government Gazette, 19, June 2006. Pretoria.

CHILD CARE ACT 74. 1983 (as amended by Act, 86 of 1991). Government Gazette, no.

Cape Town: Cape and Transvaal Printers for Government Printers.

ENGELBERT, A. 1994. Worlds of childhood: differentiated but different. In: QVORTRUP,

J.M., BARDY, G., SGRITTA & H. WINDERSBERGER (eds) Childhood matters: social

theory, practice and politics. Aldershot: Avebury: 285-298.

GIL, D. 1973. Unravelling social policy. Cambridge, MA: Sckenkman Publishing Co.

GILBERT, N. & SPECHT, H. 1977. Planning for social welfare. New York: Prentice Hall.

HOLMAN, R. 1975. The place of fostering in social work. British Journal of Social Work,



Programme: opportunities and challenges. The early childhood education sector. Unpublished

commissioned paper. Pretoria.

JAMES, A. & JAMES, A.L. 2004. Constructing childhood. Basingstoke: Palgrave,


JAMIESON, L. & PROUDLOCK, P. 2005. Children’s Bill Progress Update: Report on

amendments made by the Portfolio Committee on Social Development. Cape Town:

Children’s Institute, University of Cape Town.

JENKINS, S. 1981. The tie that binds. In: MALUCCIO, A. & SINANOGLU, P. (eds) The

challenge of partnerships: working with parents of children in foster care. New York: Child

Welfare League of America.

LAIRD, J. 1979. An ecological approach to child welfare: Issues of family identity and

continuity. In: GERMAIN, C. (ed) Social work practice: People and environment: an

ecological perspective. New York: Columbia University Press.

LOFFELL, J. 2006. Children’s Bill: what will change and the implications for practice.

UWC training workshop. Unpublished document.

MALUCCIO, A. & FEIN, E. 1985. Permanency planning revisited. In: COX, M. & COX, R.

(eds) Foster care: current issues, policies and practices. Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex.

MAY, J. 2000. Growth, development, poverty and inequality. In: MAY, J. (ed) Poverty and

inequality in South Africa: meeting the challenge. Cape Town, London, New York: David

Philip Publishers and Zed Books: 1-16.

MELTON, G. & LIMBER, A. 1992. Human dignity and the experience of children: the UN

Convention as a framework for policy in developed countries. In: HARVEY, J., DOLGOPOL,

U. & CASTELL, M. (eds) Proceedings of a National Seminar convened by the Children’s

Interests Bureau. Adelaide: Aquinas College.

MINOW, M. 1990. What children’s rights mean to children: children’s own views. In:

FREEMAN, M. & VEERMAN, P. (eds) The ideologies of children’s rights. The Netherlands:

Kluwer Academic Publishers: 183.


submitted to the Minister of Social Development, Dr Zola. Skweyiya, March. (Unpublished).

NCCAN. 1996. Draft national strategy on child abuse and neglect. Pretoria: Department of

Social Welfare.

PARTON, N. 1985. The politics of child abuse. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

PECORRA, P., CARLSON, I., REESE, S., & BARTHOLOMEW, G. 1992. Developing and

implementing risk assessment systems in child protective services. Protecting Children, (3):8-


PELTON, M. 1982. Personalistic attributions and client perspectives in child welfare cases:

Implications for service delivery. In: WILLS, T. (ed) Basic processes in helping relationships.

London: Academic Press: 81-101.

PROUDLOCK, P. 2003. Progress report on The Children’s Bill, 25 November 2003. Cape

Town: Children’s Institute, University of Cape Town.

QVORTRUP, J. 1994. A new solidarity contract? In: QVORTRUP, J., BARDY, M., SQRITTA,

G. & WINTERSBERGER, H. (eds) Childhood matters: social theory, practice and politics.

Vermont USA: Ashgate Publishing Company.

ROBERTS, M. 2000. Protecting children, supporting parents: government consultation on

physical punishment. Child Right, 163:3-5.

SA CONSTITUTION. 1996 Act 108. The constitution of the Republic of South Africa.


SEPTEMBER, R.L. 1991. A qualitative evaluation of a family preservation program in Up-

State New York. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University. (MA. Thesis)

SEPTEMBER, R.L. 1992. International Conference on The Rights of the Child. Conference

proceedings. Community Law Center, Cape Town: University of the Western Cape.

SEPTEMBER, R.L. 1998. The development of a protocol for the multi-disciplinary

management of child abuse and neglect. Cape Town: University of the Western Cape.

(Doctoral Dissertation)

SEPTEMBER, R.L. 2005. Protecting children where it matters most: In their communities and

communities. Maatskaplike Werk/Social Work, 41(1):27-37.

SEPTEMBER, R.L. 2006. The progress of child protection in South Africa. International

Journal of Social Welfare, 15(1):64-71.

SEPTEMBER, R.L. 2007a. The expanded public works programme: opportunities and

challenges for the ECD Sector. The Social Work Practitioner/Researcher, 19(1):5-25.

SEPTEMBER, R.L. 2007b. Separating social welfare services and social welfare grants:

Opportunities and challenges. Maatskaplike Werk/Social Work. In press.

SLOTH-NIELSEN, J. 2006. The Children’s Act 38, 2005. Introduction chapters. Unpublished

class notes for CYRTP. University of the Western Cape.

SOUTH AFRICAN LAW COMMISSION (SALRC). 2003. Report on the review of the Child

Care Act (Part 3 of 3). Pretoria.

STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA. 2005. Labour Force Survey, September 2004. Pretoria:

Statistics SA.

THORPE, R. 1974. Mum and Mrs. So and So. Social Work Today, 4(22):691-695.

UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN. 1989. Committee for the Rights of

the Child. New York: United Nations.

UNICEF. 2001. The State of the World’s Children. UNICEF, New York.


(1989), UN General Assembly Document A/RES/44/25 Available: http://www.ohchr.org/-


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15270/44-2-247


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 2312-7198  (online) ; ISSN 0037-8054 (print)

Powered by OJS and hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2014.


This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.

SUNJournals Help