Tlangelani Shilubane, Stephan Geyer


An overview of HIV and AIDS statistics indicates that there were 31.6 million people living with HIV in 2010, and that 68% of those people were from Sub-Saharan Africa (UNAIDS, 2011:07). In South Africa, one of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, HIV prevalence among people between the ages of 15 and 49 has stabilised at 17.8%, with the absolute number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) showing a steep increase of approximately 100 000 additional PLHIV each year. The number of people aged 15 and older living with HIV is estimated to be 5 300 000. These figures actually mean that one out of every six people with HIV in the world lives in South Africa (UNAIDS, 2011:21). The authors therefore postulate that these statistics encapsulate the devastation that HIV and AIDS is causing, particularly in South Africa, which arguably carries the heaviest HIV and AIDS burden in the world. Initially South Africa’s efforts to mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS were characterised by programme designs which followed an inflexible biomedical approach that did not focus on the influence of socio-economic and structural factors in addressing the pandemic. This situation, among others, contributed to raise the country’s HIV infection growth rate to among the highest in the world (Kahn, 2006:4).

Full Text:



ADESEGUN, O.F. & JIMOH, A. 2003. The roles of behaviour change communication and mass media. Lagos, Nigeria: Development Communications Network.

AUERBACH, J.D., JUSTIN, J.D., PARKHURST, B., CARLOS, F. & CA’CERES, C. 2011. Addressing social drivers of HIV/AIDS for the long-term response: Conceptual and methodological considerations. Global Public Health, 6(3):S293-S309.

BABBIE, E. 2007. The practice of social research (11th ed). Belmont, CA: Thomson Learning.

BABBIE, E. & MOUTON, J. 2001. The practice of social research. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

BANERJEE, M.M. 2005. Social work, Rawlslian social justice and social development. Social Development Issues, 27(1):7-14.

BHANA, A., McKAY, M.M., MELLINS, C., PETERSEN, I. & BELL, C. 2010. Family-based HIV prevention and intervention services for youth living in poverty-affected contexts. International AIDS Society, 13(2):2-8.

CAMPBELL, C. & FOULIS, C. 2004. Creating contexts for effective home-based care of people living with HIV and AIDS in South Africa. Curationis, 23(7):5-14.

CAMPBELL, C., NAIR, Y. & MAIMANE, S. 2007. Building contexts that support effective community responses to HIV/AIDS: a South African case study. Community Psychology, 39:347-363.

CHOPRA, M. & FORD, N. 2005. Scaling up health promotion interventions in HIV/AIDS: challenges for rights-based approaches. Health Promotion International, 20(4):383-389.

COLLINGE, J.A. 2005. Confronting HIV and AIDS through mass media and community action. South African Health Review, 202-223.

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. 2005. Dialogue for action ... dialogue for life. Khomanani campaign on HIV, STI, AIDS and TB 2001-2004. Pretoria: Government Printers.

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. 2006a. Khomanani makes a difference: impact assessment, Khomanani campaign 2004-2006. Pretoria: Government Printers.

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. 2006b. Khomanani goes face to face: talking with communities about HIV, AIDS, STIs and TB, June 2006. Pretoria: Government Printers.

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. 2008. What is Khomanani? [Online] Available: [Accessed: 10/10/2008].

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. 2010. National HIV and Syphilis prevalence survey, South Africa 2009. [Online] Available: [Accessed: 12/10/2010].

FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DE VOS, A.S. 2011. Formal formulations. In: DE VOS, A.S. (ed), STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L. Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (4th ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

FOUCHÉ, C.B. & SCHURINK, W. 2011. Qualitative research designs. In: DE VOS, A.S. (ed), STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L. Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (4th ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

GITTELL, R. & VIDAL, A. 1998. Community organizing. California: Sage Publications.

GREEN, S. & NIEMAN, A. 2003. Social development: good practice guidelines. Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk, 39(2):161-181.

GRUSKIN, S. & TARANTOLA, D. 2005. HIV/AIDS health and human rights in resource constraint settings: a handbook for programs. [SI]: Family Health International.

KAHN, T. 2006. AIDS drive gets a new life. Business Day, 5 December, 4.

KIPPAX, S. 2012. Effective HIV prevention: the indispensable role of social science. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 15(2):17357.

LIETZ, C.A., LANGER, C.L. & FURMAN, R. 2006. Establishing trustworthiness in qualitative research in social work: Implications from a study regarding spirituality. Qualitative Social Work, 5(4):441-458.

LIMPOPO PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT. 2009. Limpopo employment, growth and development plan 2009-2014. [Online] Available: docs/legdp%202009-2014.pdf [Accessed: 05/11/2012].

MCKEE, N., BERTRAND, J.T. & BERCKER-BENTON, A. 2004. Strategic communication in the HIV/AIDS epidemic. London: Sage Publications.

MIDGLEY, J. 2010. Community practice and developmental social work. In: MIDGLEY, J. & CONLEY, A. (eds) Social work and social development: theories and Skills for Developmental Social Work. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press.

MINKLER, M. 2005. Community-based research partnerships: challenges and opportunities. Urban Health, 82:2-12.

MOHAN, G & STOKKE, K. 2000. Participatory development and empowerment: the dangers of localism. Third World Quarterly, 21(20):247-268.

PATEL, L. 2005. Social welfare and social development in South Africa. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

PATEL, L. & HOCHFELD, T. 2008. Indicators, barriers and strategies to accelerate the pace of change to developmental social welfare in South Africa. Social Work Practitioner-Researcher, 20(2):192-211.

PHIRI, S.N., FOSTER, G. & NZIMA, M. 2001. Expanding and strengthening community action: scaling up community mobilization interventions. [SI:sn].

PIOT, P. & SECK, A.M. 2001. International response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic: Planning for success. Policy Practice, 79(12):1106-1112.

SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL AIDS COUNCIL (SANAC). 2011. National Strategic Plan on HIV, STIs and TB 2012-2016. [Online] Available: [Accessed: 03/11/2012].

SCHURINK, W., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DE VOS, A.S. 2011. Qualitative data analysis and interpretation. In: DE VOS, A.S. (ed), STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L. Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (4th ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

SEELEY, J., WATTS, C., KIPPAX, S., RUSSELL, S., HEISE, L. & WHITESIDE, A. 2012. Addressing the structural drivers of HIV: A luxury or necessity for programmes? Journal of the International AIDS Society, 15(1):1-4.

STATSSA. 2010. Mid-year population estimates: 2010. [Online] Available: [Accessed: 21/09/2011].

STATSSA. 2012. Census 2011: highlights of key results. [Online] Available: [Accessed: 03/11/2012].

STRYDOM, H. 2011. Ethical aspects of research in the social sciences and human service professions. In: DE VOS, A.S. (ed), STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L. Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (4th ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID). 2002. HIV/AIDS, Economics and Governance in South Africa: key issues in understanding response. Geneva: USAID.

UNAIDS. 2004. 4th Global report on the global AIDS epidemic, June 2004. Geneva: UNAIDS.

UNAIDS. 2011. Report on the Global AIDS epidemic: Addressing societal causes of HIV risk and vulnerability. Geneva: UNAIDS.

WALKER, D. 2003. Cost and cost effectiveness of HIV/AIDS prevention strategies: is there evidence based? Health Policy and Planning, 18(1):4-7.

WELMAN, J.C., KRUGER, F. & MITCHELL, B. 2005. Research methodology (3rd ed). Cape Town: Oxford University.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. 2008. Public health approach to combating HIV/AIDS. New Delhi, Regional Office for South-East Asia: WHO Press.

ZIFF, A.M., HARPER, G.W., CHUTUAPE, K.S., DEEDS, B.G., FUTTERMAN, D., FRANSCISCO, V.T., MUENZ, L.R. & ELLEN, J.M. 2006. Laying the foundation for connect to protect: Multi-site community mobilization intervention to reduce HIV/AIDS incidence and prevalence among urban youth. Journal of Urban Health, 83(3):506-521.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 2312-7198  (online) ; ISSN 0037-8054 (print)

Powered by OJS and hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2014.


This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.

SUNJournals Help