THE IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICIES PERTAINING TO CHILD AND YOUTH CARE WITHIN A TEAM CONTEXT IN CHILD AND YOUTH CARE CENTRES
AbstractThe focus of this study is on youth care and education centres. These centres were previously known as “schools of industries” and are soon to be renamed “child and youth care centres”. Children and youths are currently referred to these centres via the Children‟s Court in terms of Section 14(4) of the Child Care Act 1983 (Act 74 of 1983) (RSA, 1983). In future the Children‟s Court will refer children and youths in terms of Section 50 of the Children‟s Act 38 of 2005 (RSA, 2005). They can also be referred via the youth court, if the criminal trial is converted into a children‟s court inquiry in terms of Section 254 of the Criminal Procedures Act (Act 51 of 1977) (RSA, 1977 and RSA, 1983). The trial is converted if the magistrate finds extenuating circumstances, in other words, that personal, familial and/or community influences contributed to the child‟s/youth‟s behaviour (RSA, 1977; RSA, 1983). They are referred to the youth care and education centres (YCECs) for a period of two years, but they may be discharged sooner if their progress warrants it
AL-SMADI, R.T., QUDAIS, M.A. & AL-OMARI, A.A. 2008. Role of Jordanian schools‟ leadership in transforming schools into organizational learning culture. International Journal of Applied Educational Studies, 2(1):13-23.
ANNING, A., COTTRELL, D., FROST, N., GREEN, J. & ROBINSON, M. 2007. Developing multiprofessional teamwork for integrated children’s services. England: Open University Press.
ARANDA, E.K., ARANDA, L. & CONLON, K. 1998. Teams: structure, process, culture and politics. Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
ARGYRIS, C. & SCHÖN, D.A. 1996. Organizational learning II: theory, method, and practice. Reading Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.
BERGH, Z.C. & THERON, A.L. 2005. Psychology in the work context (2nd ed). Cape Town: Oxford University Press.
BLOOR, M., FRANKLAND, J., THOMAS, M. & ROBSON, K. 2002. Focus groups in social research. London: Sage Publications.
BRENDTRO, L.K., BROKENLEG, M. & VAN BOCKERN, S. 2002. Reclaiming youth at risk: our hope for the future (rev ed). Bloomington IN: Solution Tree.
CANADIAN HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH FOUNDATION. 2006. Teamwork in healthcare: promoting effective teamwork in healthcare in Canada. Policy synthesis and recommendations. [Online] Available: www.chsrf.ca [Accessed: 28/12/2007].
CHILD, J. & HEAVENS, S.J. 2001. The social constitution of organizations and it‟s implications for organizational learning. In: DIERKES, M., BERTOIN ANTAL, A., CHILD, J. & NONAKA, I. (eds) Handbook of Organizational Learning and Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 308-326.
CLARK, S.N. & CLARK, D.C. (eds) 2006. Achieving teaming‟s full potential: a leadership challenge. Middle School Journal, 38(2):52-58.
CONRADIE, W. 2008. The basics of teams. The nuts and bolts business series. CD-Rom. Knowres Publishing.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. 2001. Education White Paper 6: Inclusive, Education: Special Needs Education - Building an Inclusive Education and Training System. Pretoria: Triple CCC Advertising and Research.
DE VOS, A.S., STRYDOM, H., FOUCHĖ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L. 2005. Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (3rd ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DE VOS, A.S. 2005. Qualitative research designs: introduction. In: DE VOS, A.S., STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L. Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (3rd ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
FROST, N., ROBINSON, M. & ANNING, A. 2005. Social workers in multidisciplinary teams: issues and dilemmas for professional practice. Child and Family Social Work, 10:187-196.
GARVIN, D.A. 2003. Building a learning organization. Harvard Business Review, 71(4):78-91.
GREEFF, M. 2005. Information collection: interviewing. In: DE VOS, A.S., STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L. Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (3rd ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
HARVARD BUSINESS ESSENTIALS. 2004. Creating teams with an edge. The complete skill set to build powerful and influential teams. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
HAY, J.F., SMIT, J. & PAULSEN, M. 2001. Teacher preparedness for inclusive education. South African Journal of Education, 21(4):213-218.
HAYES, N. 2002. Managing teams: a strategy for success. London: Thomson Learning.
INTER-MINISTERIAL COMMITTEE ON YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK (IMC). 1996. Discussion document for the transformation of the South African child and youth care system, Second Draft. Pretoria: Department of Welfare.
JAMES, C. & CONNOLLY, U. 2000. Effective change in schools. London and New York: Routledge Falmer.
KOHN, S.E. & O‟CONNELL, V.D. 2007. 6 Habits of highly effective teams. Franklin Lakes, NJ: Career Press.
KUMAR, A. & PARKINSON, G.M. 2008. Relationship between team structure and interprofessional working at a medium secure unit for people with learning disabilities in the United Kingdom. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 5(4):319-329.
MANNING, N. 1998. Social needs, social problems and social welfare. In: ALCOCK, P., ERSKINE, A. & MAY, M. (eds) The student’s companion to social policy. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.
MARSH, P. 2006. Promoting children‟s welfare by inter-professional practice and learning in social work and primary care. Social Work Education, 25(2):148-160.
MAXWELL, J.C. 2001. The 17 indisputable laws of teamwork. Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson.
McROY, R.G. 1995. Qualitative research. In: EDWARDS, R.L. & HOPPS, J.G. (eds) Encyclopedia of Social Work (19th ed). Washington, DC: National Association of Social Workers.
MICHALSKI, W.J. 1998. 40 tools for cross-functional teams: building synergy for breakthrough creativity. Portland, OR: Productivity Press.
MILLER, D. 2008. Brilliant teams: what to know, do and say to make a brilliant team. Harlow: Pearson Education.
MORGAN, D.L. 1997. Focus groups as qualitative research (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
MORRIS, S., WILLCOCKS, G. & KNASEL, E. 2000. How to lead a winning team. London: Prentice Hall.
MOUTON, J. 1996. Understanding social research. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
OGLETREE, B.T., BULL, J., DREW, R. & LUNNEN, K.Y. 2001. Team-based service delivery for students with disabilities: practice options and guidelines for success. Intervention in School and Clinic, 36(3):138-145.
PADGETT, D.K. 1998. Qualitative methods in social work research: challenges and rewards. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
PARKER, G.M. 1996. Team players and teamwork. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
PARTRIDGE, L. 2007. Teams: learning made simple. Burlington: Butterworth-Heinemann.
PAYNE, N. 2002. Working in teams. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd.
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA. 1977. Criminal Procedures Act 1977. Act 51, 1977. Durban: Butterworth.
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA. 1983. Child Care Act 74 of 1983. Pretoria: Government Gazette.
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA. 1993. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1993. Act 200.
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA. 2005. Children’s Act 38, 2005. Pretoria: Government Gazette.
SADLER, P. 2001. Leadership and organizational learning. In: DIERKES, M., BERTOIN ANTAL, A., CHILD, J. AND NONAKA, I. (eds) Handbook of organizational learning and knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 416-427.
SCHMALENSEE, D.H. 2001. Unleashing the power of connecting disciplines. Reflections, 3(2):73-78.
SALEEBEY, D. (ed) 2005. The strengths perspective in social work practice (4th ed). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
SCHARMER, C.O. 2002. Leadership is about setting the tone: an interview with Jürgen Dormann. Reflections, 4(2):16-22.
SENGE, P.M. 1999. The fifth discipline: the art & practice of the learning organisation. London: Random House.
SENGE, P.M., HEIFETZ, R.A. & TOBERT, B. 1999. A conversation on leadership. Reflections, 2(1):57-68.
SENGE, P.M. 2000. Systems change in education. Reflections, 1(3):48-52.
SENGE, P., CAMBRON-McCABE, N.H., LUCAS, T., SMITH, B., DUTTON, J. & KLEINER, A. 2007. Schools that learn: A Fifth Discipline fieldbook for educators, parents, and everyone who cares about education. London: Nicholas Brealey Publishing.
SWANEPOEL, C. 2008. The perceptions of teachers and school principals of each other‟s disposition towards teacher involvement in school reform. South African Journal of Education, 28(1):39-52.
THOMSON, A.I. 2007. Looked after children: non-local authority placements and meeting educational needs. Educational Psychology in Practice, 23(3):273-282.
TUTTY, L.M., ROTHERY, M.A. & GRINNELL, R.M. 1996. Qualitative research for social workers. London: Allyn and Bacon.
UNITED NATIONS. 1989. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Resolution 44/25 of 10 November 1989. New York: United Nations.
URSINY, T. & KAY, B.A. 2007. The top performer’s guide to change: essential skills that put you on top. Napperville, Illinois: Sourcebooks Inc.
VAN DEVENTER, I. & KRUGER, A.G. 2008. An educator’s guide to school management skills. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
WAGNER, T., KEGAN, R., LAHEY, L., LEMONS, R.W., GARNIER, J., HELSING, D., HOWELL, A. & RASMUSSEN, H.T. 2006. Change leadership: a practical guide to transforming our schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
WEICK, A., KREIDER, J. & CHAMBERLAIN, R. 2005. Solving problems from a strengths perspective. In: SALEEBEY, D. (ed) The strengths perspective in social work practice (4th ed). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
WELMAN, C., KRUGER, F. & MITCHELL, B. 2008. Research methodology (3rd ed). Cape Town: Oxford University Press.
WENGER, E. 1998. Communities of practice: learning, meaning and identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
WEST, M.A. 2004. Effective teamwork: practical lessons from organizational research. Malden, MA: BPS Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
WESTERN CAPE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT: SPECIALISED EDUCATION SUPPORT SERVICES. 2004. Minimum standards for special education services for learners manifesting, or at risk of experiencing emotional and/or behavioural difficulties.
WHEELAN, S.A. 1999. Creating effective teams: a guide for members and leaders. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
YEGIDIS, B.L. & WEINBACH, R.W. 1996. Research methods for social workers. London: Allyn and Bacon.
This journal is an open access journal, and the authors and journal should be properly acknowledged when works are cited.
Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk hold copyright.
Auhtors may use the publishers version for teaching purposes, in books, and with conferences.
The following license applies:
Attribution CC BY-4.0
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.
Articles as a whole may not be re-published with another journal.