CLUSTER FOSTER CARE: A PANACEA FOR THE CARE OF CHILDREN IN THE ERA OF HIV/AIDS OR AN MCQ?

  • Jacqui Gallinetti Faculty of Law, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa.
  • Julia Sloth-Nielsen Faculty of Law, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa.

Abstract

The ravages wrought by HIV/AIDS on child-care arrangements in the African context are welldocumented (Richter & Sherr, 2009; Sloth-Nielsen & Mezmur, 2008; Tsegaye, 2007; sourcescited there). Notably, these constitute the breakdown of traditional kinship structures whichwould ordinarily have accommodated orphans and other vulnerable children, a decrease in thecapacity of existing extended family structures to care for the numbers of children requiringalternative care, and the emergence of child-headed households. The topic of child-headedhouseholds, too, has emerged as a key concept in international child rights law (Couzens &Zaal, 2009; Sloth-Nielsen, 2004; Sloth-Nielsen in Skelton & Davel, 2010; UN Committee onthe Rights of the Child (UNCROC), General Comment No. 3 on HIV/AIDS and the rights ofthe child, 2003), and this phenomenon has been directly related to the onset of the pandemic.

References

BULLOCK, H., MOUNTFORD, J. & STANLEY, R. 2001. Better policy making. London:

Centre for Management and Policy Studies.

COUZENS, M. & ZAAL, N. 2009. Legal recognition for child-headed households: an

evaluation of the emerging South African framework. International Journal of Children’s

Rights, 17(2):299-320.

DAMBACH, M. 2009. UN Guidelines for Alternative Care. Children in Alternative Care

Seminar. Cape Town: University of the Western Cape. October 2009.

DAVEL, C. & SKELTON, A. (eds) 2010. Commentary on the Children’s Act (2nd ed).

Lansdowne: Juta and Co Ltd. (forthcoming)

DAWES, A. & VAN DER MERWE, A. 2005. The Development of Minimum Standards for

Diversion Programmes in the Child Justice System. Cape Town: Human Sciences Research

Council.

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. 2007. Minimum norms and standards on

diversion. Pretoria: Government Printers.

FRIEDMAN, A. & PANTAZIS, A. 2008. Children’s rights. In: WOOLMAN, S. & ROUX, T.

(eds) Constitutional Law of South Africa (2nd ed). Wetton: Juta and Co Ltd.

GALLINETTI, J. 2004. Diversion. In: SLOTH-NIELSEN, J. & GALLINETTI, J. (eds) Child

justice in Africa: a guide to good practice. Cape Town: Community Law Centre.

GALLINETTI, J., KASSAN, D. & EHLERS, L. (eds) 2006. Child justice in South Africa:

children’s rights under construction conference report. Cape Town: Open Society

Foundation for South Africa & the Child Justice Alliance.

GALLINETTI, J. & LOFFELL, J. 2010. Foster care. In: DAVEL, C. & SKELTON, A. (eds)

Commentary on the Children’s Act (2nd ed). Lansdowne: Juta and Co Ltd. (forthcoming)

INTER-MINISTERIAL COMMITTEE ON YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK. 1997. Report on the

Pilot Programmes. Cape Town: The Printing Press.

McGUIRE, J. & PRIESTLEY, P. 1995. Reviewing what works: past, present and future. In:

McGUIRE, J. (ed) What works: reducing re-offending: guidelines from research and

practice. Chichester: Wiley.

MEINTJIES, H., MOSES, S., BERRY, L. & MAPANE, R. 2007. Home truths: the

phenomenon of residential care for children in a time of AIDS. Cape Town: Children’s

Institute, University of Cape Town & Centre for the Study of AIDS, University of Pretoria.

MUNTINGH, L. (ed) 1995. Perspectives on diversion. Cape Town: NICRO National Office.

MUNTINGH, L 2001. The effectiveness of diversion programmes: a longitudinal

evaluation of cases. Cape Town: Nicro.

RICHTER, L. & SHERR, L. 2009. Family ties: reconstructing the care of vulnerable children:

the ‘orphan’ label doesn't help. HSRC Review, 7(4):28-29.

SAVE THE CHILDREN. 2009. Keeping children out of harmful institutions: why we

should be investing in family based care. London: Save the Children.

SKELTON, A. 2005. The influence of the theory and practice of restorative justice in

South Africa with special reference to child justice. Pretoria: University of Pretoria. (LLD

Thesis)

SLOTH-NIELSEN, J. 2001. The role of international law in juvenile justice reform in

South Africa. Cape Town: University of the Western Cape. (LLD Thesis)

SLOTH-NIELSEN, J. 2004. Realising the rights of children growing up in child headed

households: a guide to laws, policies and social advocacy. Cape Town: Community Law

Centre.

SLOTH-NIELSEN, J. 2007. Protection of children. In: DAVEL, C. & SKELTON, A. (eds)

Commentary on the Children’s Act. Lansdowne: Juta and Co Ltd.

SLOTH-NIELSEN, J. 2007. Regulations for the Children’s Act: presentation to the

Department of Social Development. Pretoria. January 2007.

SLOTH-NIELSEN, J. & MEZMUR, B. 2008. HIV/AIDS and children’s rights in law and

policy in Africa: confronting hydra head on. In: SLOTH NIELSEN, J. (ed). Children’s Rights

in Africa: a legal perspective. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing.

SLOTH-NIELSEN, J. 2010. Child Protection Part 1 and Part 4. In: DAVEL, C. & SKELTON,

A. (eds) Commentary on the Children’s Act (2nd ed). Lansdowne: Juta and Co. Ltd.

(forthcoming)

SALRC – South African Law Reform Commission (Project 110) 2001. Discussion Paper 103:

review of the Child Care Act. Pretoria: Government Printers.

SALRC – South African Law Reform Commission (Project 110) 2002. Report: review of the

Child Care Act. Pretoria: Government Printers.

STEYN, F. 2005. Review of South African innovations in diversion and reintegration of

youth at risk. Cape Town: Open Society Foundation for South Africa.

GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA AND OTHERS V

GROOTBOOM AND OTHERS. 2001. (1) SA 46 (CC).

TSEGAYE, S. 2007. HIV/AIDS and the emerging challenge of children heading

households: discussion paper. Addis Ababa: The African Child Policy Forum.

UN COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. General Comment No. 3. 2003.

HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child. CRC/GC/2003/3.

UNITED NATIONS GUIDELINES FOR ALTERNATIVE CARE OF CHILDREN. 2009.

A/HRC/11/L.13.

WOOD, C. 2003. Diversion in South Africa: a review of policy and practice 1990-2003:

Occasional Paper 79. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.

Published
2014-06-13
Section
Articles