• Thobeka Mashologu-Kuse Department of Social Work, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.




In South Africa, as elsewhere in the world, there is a paucity of literature on families of street children. A recent literature search (on the internet and in other resources) reveals that reasons for this state of affairs are many, some of the main ones being


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ANYURU, M. 1996. Uganda’s street children. Africa Insight, 26(3):268-275.

APTEKAR, L. 1996. Street children in Nairobi. Africa Insight, 26(3):20-59.

BARRETTE, M. 1995. Street children need our care. Pretoria, Kagiso Publishers.

BLACK, M. 1993. Report on street and working children. Florence, Italy, UNICEF, International Child Development Centre, February, 15-25.

BOURDILLON, M.F.C., DUBE, L. & KAMVURA, L. 1996. Working with street boys in Harari. Africa Insight, 26(3):260-267.

BRENNAN, T., HUIZINGA, D. & ELLIOT, D. 1978. The social psychology of runaways. Lexington, M.A.: D.C. Heath & Co.

COCKBURN, A. 1991. Street children: Characteristics and dynamics of the problem. Child Welfare, 17(1):6.

DAWES, A. & DONALD, D. 1994. Childhood and adversity: Psychological perspectives from South African research. Cape Town: Philip.

DE VOS, A.S. 2002. Research at grass roots: for the social science professions (2nd ed). Pretoria: J.L. Van Schaik Publishers.

EDIGBO, P. 1996. Street children: the core of child abuse and neglect in Nigeria. Africa Insight, 26(3):244-249.

GRAY, M. & COLLETT VAN ROOYEN, C.A.J. 2002. The strengths perspectives in social work: Lessons from practice. Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk, 38(3):193-200.

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GULLOTTA, T. 1979. Family relationships of the runaway child. Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work, (February):111-114.

HOFFMANN, W. 1990. Social work practice in family and children’s services. In: McKENDRICK, B. (ed.) Social work in action. Pretoria: Haum Tertiary: 21-25.

KEEN, J. 1990. A window on the inner world of street children. The Child Care Worker, 8(5):2.

KUSE, T. 2001. Family functioning and street children in the Transkei. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand. (PhD thesis)

MAPHALALA, T. 1996. Street children in Swaziland. Africa Insight, 26(3):282-288.

McKENDRICK, B. (ed) 1990. Social work in action. Cape Town: Haum Tertiary.

McWHIRTER, J.J., McWHIRTER, B.T., McWHIRTER, A.M. & McWHIRTER, E.H. 1998. At risk youth: a comprehensive response. USA: Brooks/Cole.

MELSON, B.K.H. 1991. Runaway adolescence: a family systems perspective. USA. St Louis University. (Ph D thesis)

MNCAYI, P. 1996. Street children now. Child and Youth Care, 14(3):4-5.

PANDEY, R. 1991. Street children of India: A situational analysis. Allahabad, India: Chugh Publications.

PHIRI, J. 1996. The plight of street children in Zambia. Africa Insight, 26(3):276-281.

RANKIN, P. 1997. Developmental social welfare: challenges facing South Africa. Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk, 33(3):184-192.

RICHTER, L. & SWART-KRUGER, J. 1996. Society makes survival a crime. Child Youth Care, 14(6):17-19.

RICHTER, L. & VAN DER WALT, M. 1996. The psychological assessment of South African street children. Africa Insight, 26(3):211-220.

RICHTER, L. 1989. South African street children: comparisons with Anglo-American runaways. Paper presented at a regional conference of the International Association for Cross-cultural Psychology, Amsterdam, June 27-July 1.

ROSE-JULIUS, S.M.H. 1993. A study of four urban centres in Namigia to determine the cyclic nature of streetism among children and suggestions for prevention, policy-making and programme planning. Pretoria: University of South Africa. (PhD thesis)

SIQWANA-NDULO, N.W. 1993. Rural African family structure in the Transkei. USA: University of California. (PhD thesis)


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SWART-KRUGER, J. & DONALD, D. 1994. Children of the South African streets. In: DAWES, A. & DONALD, D. Childhood and adversity: psychological perspectives from South African research, Cape Town: Phillip D.

SWART-KRUGER, J. 1996. An imperfect fit: Street children and state intervention - the South African case. Africa Insight, 26(3):231-236.

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WILLIAMS, C.G. 1996. Street children and abuse of power. Africa Insight, 26(3):221-230.

YEGIDIS, B.L. & WEINBACH, R.W. 1996. Research methods for social workers. London: Allan Bacon.

YOUNG, R., GODFREY, W., MATTHEWS, B. & ADAMS, G. 1983. Runaways: A review of negative consequences. Family Relations, 32:275-281.




How to Cite

Mashologu-Kuse, T. (2014). FAMILIES OF STREET CHILDREN IN THE TRANSKEI: A DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVE. Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk, 43(1). https://doi.org/10.15270/43-1-290