AFRO-CENTRISM: THE CHALLENGE OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
AbstractAfrican nations seek to escape from poverty, disease, ignorance, inequality and lack ofopportunity. Despite massive investments in socio-economic development, the masses in manyAfrican countries still remain ill-fed, ill-housed, under-educated and vulnerable to preventablediseases such as HIV/AIDS, and malaria. The continent is characterised by increasingeconomic deprivation, generalised misery, a high incidence of poverty, environmentaldestruction and diminishing food security. This is underscored by the fact that the number ofpeople living in extreme poverty (on U$1 or less a day) rose from 217 million in 1990 to 290million in 2000 (Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), 2005). Governments and otherstakeholders are constantly searching for better and more effective ways to tackle theseproblems in order to improve the welfare of their people
AGBO, J. 2003. Africa within the globe: Confronting the parameters of cross cultural
philosophy. Journal of Cultural Studies, 5(2):182-213.
AHLUWALIA, P. & NURSEY-BRAY, P. 1997. Post colonialism: Culture and identity in
Africa. Commack, NY: NOV Science Publishers, Inc.
ASANTE, M.K. 1980. Afrocentricity: The theory of social change. Buffalo, New York:
ASANTE, M.K. 1998. The Afrocentric idea. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
ASANTE, M.K. 1999. The painful demise of Eurocentricism: Trenton, NJ: Africa World
BAYLIS, J. & SMITH, S. 2005. The globalization of world politics: An introduction to
international relations (3rd ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
DOMINELLI, L. 1997. Social work and social development: A partnership in social change.
Journal of Social Development in Africa, 12(1):29-38.
ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA (ECA). 2005. The millennium development
goals in Africa: Progress and challenges. Available: http://www.uneca.org/mdgs/MDGS.
[Accessed: 14 October 2006].
ELLIOT, J.A. 2000. An introduction to sustainable development (2nd ed). London:
ESTES, R.J. 1998. Developmental social work: A new paradigm for a new century. Paper
Presented at the 10th International symposium of the Inter-University Consortium for
International Social Development (IUCISD) Cairo, Egypt. June 28 – July 2.
GRAY, M. & ALLEGRITTI, I. 2002. Cross-cultural practice and the indigenisation of African
social work. Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk, 38(4):324-336.
GRAY, M., MAZIBUKO, F. & O’BRIEN, F. 1996. Social work education for social
development. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 11(1):33-42.
GYEKYE, K. 2003. African cultural values: An introduction. Accra: Snakofa Publishing
KABBER, N. & HUMPHREY, J. 1991. Neo-liberalism, gender, and the limits of the market.
In: COLCLOUGH, C. & MANOR, J. (eds). States or markets: Neo-liberalism and the
development policy debate. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
KAUNDA, K.D. 1975. Humanism in Zambia and a guide to its implementation, Part 1.
Lusaka: Zambia Information Service.
MacEWAN, A. 1999. Neo-liberalism or democracy? Economic strategy, markets, and
alternatives for the 21st Century. Sydney: Pluto Press.
MANGALISO, M.P. 2005. Cultural mythology and leadership in South Africa.
Symposium Presentation at the Organizational Strategy and Operations Domain, Eastern
Academy of Management- International Managing in a Global Economy XI, Cape Town,
South Africa: 585–588.
MANGALISO, M.P., MANGALISO, N.A. & WEIR, D.T.H. 2005. Dimensions of traditional
and Emergent Management Styles in Southern Africa and Northern Africa/Middle East.
Paper presented at the Eastern Academy of Management Conference on Managing in a Global
Economy. Cape Town, South Africa: 792-809.
MIDGLEY, J. 1986. Community participation, social development and the state. London
& New York: Methuen.
MIDGLEY, J. 1995. Social development. London: Sage Publishers.
NKRUMAH, K. 1964. Conscientism. London: Heinemann.
NYERERE, J.K. 1968. Ujamaa: Essays on socialism. Dar Es Salaam: Oxford University
OSEI-HWEDIE, K. 1995. A search for legitimate social development education for Africa.
Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen.
PRESIDENTIAL TASK GROUP FOR A LONG-TERM VISION FOR BOTSWANA. 1997.
Vision 2016: Long term vision for Botswana: Towards prosperity for all. Gaborone:
RAJAEE, F. 2000. Globalization on trial. The human condition and the information
civilization. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre (IDRC).
SCHIELE, J.H. 2000. Human services and Afrocentric paradigm. New York: The Haworth
SEBUDUBUDU, D. & OSEI-HWEDIE, B.Z. 2005. Pitfalls of parliamentary democracy in
Botswana. Gaborone: Department of Political and Administrative Studies. University of
SENGHOR, L. 1964. On African socialism (transl by Mercer Cook). New York: Praeger.
YIMAN, A. 1990. Social development in Africa 1950-1985. Aldershot: Avebury
This journal is an open access journal, and the authors and journal should be properly acknowledged when works are cited.
Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk hold copyright.
Auhtors may use the publishers version for teaching purposes, in books, and with conferences.
The following license applies:
Attribution CC BY-4.0
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.
Articles as a whole may not be re-published with another journal.