Kwaku Osei-Hwedie


African nations seek to escape from poverty, disease, ignorance, inequality and lack of
opportunity. Despite massive investments in socio-economic development, the masses in many
African countries still remain ill-fed, ill-housed, under-educated and vulnerable to preventable
diseases such as HIV/AIDS, and malaria. The continent is characterised by increasing
economic deprivation, generalised misery, a high incidence of poverty, environmental
destruction and diminishing food security. This is underscored by the fact that the number of
people living in extreme poverty (on U$1 or less a day) rose from 217 million in 1990 to 290
million in 2000 (Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), 2005). Governments and other
stakeholders are constantly searching for better and more effective ways to tackle these
problems in order to improve the welfare of their people

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