A COMPARISON OF SUBJECTIVE QUALITY-OF-LIFE INDICATORS ACROSS DOMAINS OF JEWISH SENIORS LIVING IN THE COMMUNITY
AbstractThis paper sets out to describe the comparisons of subjective quality-of-life indicators acrossdomains that enable Jewish older persons – and, in particular, those who are members of CapeJewish Seniors Association, Milnerton1 – to remain living in their communities. From the outset,and for the purpose of this paper, two concepts need clarification. Firstly, the term “Jewish”pertains to any one who professes to be Jewish either through birthright or religious conversion,and who consider themselves Jewish, irrespective of their frequency of attendance at a place ofworship. It also pertains to any person of Hebrew descent (Barnhart & Barnhart, 1987:1132;Lamm in Donin, 1991:8). Secondly, the terms “seniors”, “aged” and “older person” are usedinterchangeably and will be used to denote people aged 60 and over. The Older Persons Bill,South Africa, defines older persons as women and men aged 60 and 65 respectively ( Ministryfor Welfare & Population Development, 2003:3).2
BABBIE, E. & MOUTON, J. 2001. The practice of social research. Cape Town: Oxford
BABBIE, E. & MOUTON, J. 2003. The practice of social research. Cape Town: Oxford
BALTES, P.B. & MAYER, U.K. 2001. The ageing Berlin study. Ageing from 70 to 100. UK:
Cambridge University Press.
BARNHART, C.L. & BARNHART, R.K. 1987. The world book dictionary (vol 1). Chicago:
World Book Inc.
BEAUMONT, J.G. & KENEALY, P.M. 2004. Quality of life perceptions and social
comparisons in healthy old age. Ageing & Society, 24:755-769.
BLANE, D., WIGGINS, R., HIGGS, P. & HYDE, M. 2004. Inequalities in quality of life in
early old age. Research Findings, 9. From the Growing Older Programme. Economic and Social
Research Council. November 2002. Available: http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/projects/gop/Blane_
F9pdf. [Accessed: 13/12/2005].
BLAZER, D.G., SACHS-ERICSON, N. & HYBELS, C.F. 2005. Perception of unmet basic
needs a s a predictor of mortality among community dwelling older adults. American Journal
of Public Health, 95(2):299–304.
BOWLING, A. & DIEPPE, P. 2005. What is successful ageing and who should define it?
British Medical Journal, 331:1548–1551.
BOWLING, A. 2005. Measuring health. A review of quality of life measurement scales (3rd
ed). Berkshire: Open University Press.
CANTOR, M. & LITTLE, V. 1985. Aging and social care. In: BINSTOCK, R.H. & SHANAS,
E. (eds) Handbook of ageing and the social science (2nd ed). New York: Van Nostrand
CARROLL, B. & WHELAN, T. 1994. Reflections on the Round Table. Positive ageing - the
way forward. In: Proceedings of Round Table. Theories of ageing and attitudes to ageing in
Ireland. Dr Stevens’ Hospital, Dublin. 25th March, 1994. National Council for the Elderly.
Publication No. 33.
CAVANAUGH, J.C. 1997. Adult development and ageing (3rd ed). Pacific Grove, CA:
Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
Coupled to the religious count being understated by at least 20% (Kaplan, 2006) is a reluctance to register with
the Jewish Community Central Register. A similar trend has been evidenced in the Jewish community in England
CLARKE, L. & ROBERTS, C. 2004. The meaning of grandparenthood and its contribution to
the quality of life of older people. In: WALKER, A. & HENNESSY, C.H. (eds) Growing
older. Quality of life in old age. Berkshire: Open University Press.
CRANSWICK, K. & THOMAS, D. 2005. Elder care and the complexities of social networks.
Canadian Social Trends. Statistics Canada. Catalogue No. 11.008.
DE JONG GIERVELD, J., DE VALK, H. & BLOMMESTEIJN, M. 2001. Living arrangements
of older persons and family support in more developed countries. In: Living arrangements of
older person. Special issue No’s 42/43. United Nations Population Bulletin. New York:
United Nations Publication: 193-217.
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. n.d. South African policy for older persons.
Department of Social Development. Republic of South Africa: 6-15.
DONIN, H.H. 1991. To be a Jew. A guide to Jewish observance in contemporary life.
Canada: Harper Collins
DUBB, A.A. 1994. The Jewish Population of South Africa. The 1991 Socio-demographic
survey. Cape Town: Jewish Publications.
FAKOURI, C. & LYON, B. 2005. Perceived health and life satisfaction among older adults. The
effects of worry and personal variables. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 31(10):17-24.
GABRIEL, Z. & BOWLING, A. 2004. Quality of life in old age from the perspectives of older
people. In: WALKER, A. & HENNESSY, C.H. (eds) Growing older. Quality of life in old
age. Berkshire: Open University Press.
GRINNELL, R.M. Jr. 1985. Social work research and evaluation (2nd ed). Australia: FE
GRINNELL, R.M. Jr., TUTTY, L. & WILLIAMS, M. 2005. The quantitative research approach
In: GRINNELL, R.M. Jr. & UNRAU, Y.M. (eds) Social work research and evaluation.
Quantitative and qualitative approaches (7th ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press: 86-87.
HALL, M. & HAVENS, B. 2002. Social isolation and social loneliness. In Writings in
Gerontology (18) Mental Health and Ageing, October. National Advisory Council on Ageing.
Canada. Available: http://www.naca-centa.ca/writings_gerontology/writ18/writ18_e.htm.
HARRIGAN, M.P. & FARMER, R.L. 2000. The myths and facts of ageing. In: SCHNEIDER,
R.L., KROPF, N.P. & KISOR, A.J. (eds) Gerontological social work (2nd ed). Canada:
KAPLAN, M. 2006. The future of South African Jewry – comments and observations. Cape
Town: University of Cape Town.
KENNEDY, A. & HAMILTON, S. 2005. The evidence on quality of life for older people.
Nursing Times, 10(42):36-37.
KINSELLA, K. & VELKOFF, V. 2001. An Ageing World: 2001. Bureau of the Census, USA.
Series p95/01-1. Washington, DC.: US Government Printing Office.
KOSMIN, B.A., GOLDBERG, J., SHAIN, M. & BRUK, S. 1999. Jews of the “new South
Africa”: highlights of the 1998 national survey of South African Jews. JPR Report No. 3
September 1999. Institute for Jewish Policy Research, London.
LAUER, R.H. 1989. Social problems and the quality of life (4th ed). Dubuque: Wm C. Brown
LEGARE, J., IBRAHIMA, M., SOSSA, O. & SMUGA, O. 2003. Population ageing: a
challenge for developing countries. International Federation on ageing. University of
Montreal. Available: www.ifa-fw.org/docs/PopulationAgeing20021.doc. [Accessed: 09/10/
LLOYD-SHERLOCK, P. 2004. Ageing, development and social protection: generalisations,
myths and stereotypes. In: LLOYD-SHERLOCK, P. (ed) Living longer. Ageing, development
and social protection. London & New York: UNRISD Zed Books Ltd.
MINISTRY OF WELFARE AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT. 1997. White Paper on
Social Welfare. Government notice no. 1108, Government Gazette 386 (18166), 8 August,
Pretoria: Government Printer.
MINISTRY OF WELFARE AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT. 2003. Older Persons’
Bill. Government Gazette No. 25347, 13 August, Pretoria: Government Printer.
NALEPPA, M.J. & REID, W.J. 2003. Gerontological social work. A task-centred approach.
New York: Columbia University Press.
OZAWA, M.N. & HONG, B.-E. 2003. Disability and economic well being in old age. Journal
of Disability Studies, 13(4):231-243.
QURESHI, H. 1990. Social support. In: PEACE, S.M. (ed) Researching social gerontology.
Concepts, methods and issues. London: SAGE Publications: 32-45.
RUBIN, A. & BABBIE, E. 1993. Research methods for social work (2nd ed). Pacific Grove,
SEGRIN, C. 2003. Age moderates the relationship between social support and psychosocial
problems. Human Communication Research, 29(3):317-342.
SHERIDAN, M.J. & KISOR, A.J. 2000. The research process and the elderly. In:
SCHNEIDER, R.L; KROPF, N.P. & KISOR, A.J. (eds) Gerontological social work (2nd ed).
SIEBERT, D.C., MUTRAN, E.J. & REITZES, D. 2000. Friendship and social support. The
importance of role identity to ageing adults. In: KEIGHER, S.M., FORTUNE, A.E. & WITKIN,
S.L. (eds) Age and social work. The changing landscapes. Washington, DC: NSAW Press.
SMITH, J.A. 2000. Ontario family councils programme. Research on family councils.
Available: http://www.familycouncils.net/2000lit.html. [Accessed: 07/05/2006].
STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA. 2001a. Census 2001: Age, gender, and population per
province. Available: http://www.statssa.gov.za/extract.htm. [Accessed: 25/05/2005].
STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA. 2001b. Census 2001: Gender, religion and population as
per province and district council. Judaism. Available: http://www.statssa. gov.za/extract.htm.
STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA. 2001c. Census 2001 Geography by age for person
weighted, Judaism. Space–Time Research Web Page. (Reports produced by Mans, G. 2004 and
Mostert, V. 2007).
STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA. 2001d. Census 2001: For Jewish faith/Hebrew, person
weighted per province per age. Available: http://www.statssa. gov.za/extract.htm. [Accessed:
STEIN, Y. 1986. The challenges of meeting the future needs of the elderly in an aging and
shrinking Jewish community. Cape Town: South Africa. Rough Draft.
STRYDOM, H. 2005. The pilot study. In: DE VOS, A.S., STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. &
DELPORT, C.S.L. Research at grass roots - for the social sciences and human service
professions (3rd ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
TERRE BLANCHE, M. & DURRHEIM, K. (eds) 2002. Research in practice. Applied
methods for the social sciences. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.
UNITED NATIONS (UN). 1991a. Ageing and Urbanisation. Proceedings of the United
Nations International Conference on Ageing Populations in the context of Urbanisation. Sendai
(Japan), 12-16 September 1988. New York: 5.
UNITED NATIONS (UN). 1991b. UN Secretariat, Population division, Dept of international
Economic and Social Affairs Global perspective on population ageing in the context of
urbanisation. In Ageing and Urbanisation. Proceedings of the United Nations International
Conference on Ageing Populations in the context of Urbanisation. Sendai (Japan), 12-16
September 1988. New York: 55-80.
UNITED NATIONS (UN). 2002. Madrid plan of action on ageing. Report on the Second
World Assembly on Ageing 2002. Available: www:http//file://A:Report of the Second World
Assembly on Ageing.htm [Accessed: 10/02/2005].
WAN, T.T.H., ODELL, B.G. & LEWIS, D.T. 1982. Promotion of well being in the elderly. A
community diagnosis. New York: Hawthorne Press.
WENGER, C.G. 1984. The supportive network. Coping with old age. London: George Allen
WINDLE, G. & WOODS, R.T. 2004. Variations in subjective wellbeing: the mediating role of
psychological resource. Ageing and Society, 24:583-602.
WHO (WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION). 2000. Information needs for research, policy
and action on ageing and older adults in Africa. Report of a workshop on creating a minimum
data set for research, policy and action on ageing and the aged in Africa. Harare, Zimbabwe 20-
January 2002. HelpAge International.
WHO (WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION). 2002. Active ageing: A policy framework. A
Contribution to the 2nd UN World Assembly on Ageing, Madrid, Spain, April 2002. Geneva.
WITKIN, S.L. 2000. How ripened are you? In: KEIGHER, S.M., FORTUNE, A.E. & WITKIN,
S.L. (eds) Ageing and social work. Washington, DC: NASW Press: 24.
ZODIKOFF, B. 2003. Understanding older spousal dyads attitudes towards community service
use: An analysis of applied theoretical models. Journal of Gerontological Social Work,
How to Cite
This journal is an open access journal, and the authors and journal should be properly acknowledged when works are cited.
Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk hold copyright.
Auhtors may use the publishers version for teaching purposes, in books, and with conferences.
The following license applies:
Attribution CC BY-4.0
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.
Articles as a whole may not be re-published with another journal.