THE PREVENTION OF FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDER: THE NEED FOR A COORDINATED SERVICE BY ROLE PLAYERS IN THE WINE PRODUCING AREAS IN THE BREEDE RIVER VALLEY
AbstractFetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is seen as the leading preventable birth defect in the western world (May, Miller, Goodhart, Maestas, Buckley, Trujillo & Gossage, 2007). FAS is the severe end of a spectrum of effects caused by alcohol intake during pregnancy and is characterised by unique facial features, growth retardation and developmental delays (May, Gossage, Marais, Adnams, Hoyme, Jones, Robinson, Khaole, Snell, Kalberg, Hendricks, Brooke, Stellavato & Viljoen, 2007; Urban, Chersich, Fourie, Chetty, Olivier & Viljoen, 2008). Drinking alcohol during pregnancy has physical, behavioural and mental consequences for the developing fetus. These effects last throughout the lifespan of the individual with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD
ALBERTA PARTNERSHIP ON FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME. 1999. Guideline for the prevention of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome [Online]. Available: http://topalbertadoctors.org/PDF/complete%set/FASDPrevention/FASD%20Prevention/FASD prevention guideline.pdf [Accessed: 01/05/2009].
ASTLEY, S.J. 2004. Fetal alcohol syndrome prevention in Washington State: evidence of success. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 18(5):344-351.
CHAMBERS, C. 2006. Fetal alcohol syndrome. [Online] Available: http://www.emedicine.com/ped/topic 767.htm. [Accessed: 20/06/2008].
GREEFF, M. 2005. Information collection: Interviewing. In: DE VOS, A.S., STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L., (eds). Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (3rd ed.). Pretoria: Van Schaik, 286-313.
HANKIN, J.R. 2002. Fetal alcohol syndrome prevention research [Online] Available: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh26-1/58-65.htm [Accessed: 02/06/2010].
HOYME, H.E., MAY, P.A., KALBERG, W.O., KODITUWAKKU, P., GOSSAGE, J.P., TRUJILLO, P.A., BUCKLEY, D.G., MILLER, J.H., ARAGON, A.S., KHAOLE, N., VILJOEN, D., JONES, K.L. & ROBINSON, L.K. 2005. A practical clinical approach to diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Clarification of the 1996 Institute of Medicine criteria. Pediatrics, 115(1):39-47.
MARAIS, S. 2006. Drinking during pregnancy. [Online] Available: http://www.mrc. ac.za/mrcnews/dec2006/drinking.htm [Accessed: 06/06/2008].
MAY, P.A. & HYMBAUGH, K.J. 1989. A macro-level fetal alcohol syndrome prevention program for Native Americans and Alaska Natives: Description and evaluation. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 50(6):505-518.
MAY, P.A. 1995. A multiple-level, comprehensive approach to the prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD). The International Journal of the Addictions, 30(12):1549-1602.
MAY, P.A., GOSSAGE, J.P., MARAIS, A.S., ADNAMS, C.M., HOYME, H.E., JONES, K.L., ROBINSON, L.K., KHAOLE, N.C.O., SNELL, C., KALBERG, W.O., HENDRICKS, L., BROOKE, L., STELLAVATO, C. & VILJOEN, D.L. 2007. The epidemiology of fetal alcohol syndrome and partial FAS in a South African community. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 88: 259-271.
MAY, P.A., MILLER, J.H., GOODHART, K.A., MAESTAS, O.R., BUCKLEY, D., TRUJILLO, P.M. & GOSSAGE, J.P. 2007. Enhanced case management to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in Northern Plains communities. Maternal and Child Health, 12:747-759.
MAY, P.A., GOSSAGE, J.P., MARAIS, A.S., HENDRICKS, L.S., SNELL, C.L., TABACHNICK, B.G., STELLAVATO, C., BUCKLEY, D.G., BROOKE, L.E. & http://socialwork.journals.ac.za/
VILJOEN, D.L. 2008. Maternal risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome and partial fetal alcohol syndrome in South Africa: a third study. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 32(5):738-753.
MAY, P.A. 2011. Feedback meeting to the community. Weltevrede Estate, Bonnievale. 29 September 2011.
McKINSTRY, J. 2004. Using the past to step forward: fetal alcohol syndrome in the Western Cape Province of South Africa [Online] Available: http://www. pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1449323 [Accessed: 20/06/2008].
MILLER, D. 2005. Students with fetal alcohol syndrome: New developments and intervention suggestions [Online] Available: http://www.newhorizons.org/spneeds/ inclusion/collaboration/miller.htm [Accessed: 23/06/2008].
OTT, K.M., QUINN, L. & THOMPSON, S.J. 2004. A social ecological analysis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders prevention programming. Journal of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, 2(e11):1-5.
PARRY, C.D.H. 2005. A review of policy-relevant strategies and interventions to address the burden of alcohol on individuals and society in South Africa. South African Psychiatry Review, 8:20-24.
PARRY, C.D.H. 2011. Feedback meeting to the community. Weltevrede Estate, Bonnievale. 29 September 2011
SOUTH AFRICA. 2006. Integrated Service Delivery Model towards improved social services. ?
STRATTON, K. 1996. Prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome. In: STRATTON, K., HOWE, C. & BATTAGLIA, F. (eds) Fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosis, epidemiology, prevention and treatment. Washington DC: National Academy Press.
STRYDOM, H. 2005. Sampling and sampling methods. In: DE VOS, A.S., STRYDOM, H., FOUCHÉ, C.B. & DELPORT, C.S.L. Research at grass roots: for the social sciences and human service professions (3rd ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers, 192-204.
URBAN, M., CHERSICH, M.F., FOURIE, L.A., CHETTY, C., OLIVIER, L. & VILJOEN, D. 2008. Fetal alcohol syndrome among grade 1 schoolchildren in the Northern Cape Province: Prevalence and risk factors. South African Medical Journal, 98(11):877-882.
VILJOEN, D., CROXFORD, J., GOSSAGE, J.P., KODITUWAKKU, P.W. & MAY, P.A. 2001. Characteristics of mothers of children with fetal alcohol syndrome in the Western Cape province of South Africa. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63:6-17.
VILJOEN, D.L., GOSSAGE, J.P., BROOKE, L., ADNAMS, C.M., JONES, K.L., ROBINSON, L.K., HOYME, H.E., SNELL, C., KHAOLE, N.C.O., KODITUWAKKU, P., ASANTE, K.O., FINDLEY, R., QUINTON, B., MARAIS, A.S., KALBERG, W.O. & MAY, P.A. 2005. Fetal alcohol syndrome epidemiology in a South African community: A second study of a very high prevalence area. Journal of Studies on
How to Cite
This journal is an open access journal, and the authors and journal should be properly acknowledged when works are cited.
Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk hold copyright.
Auhtors may use the publishers version for teaching purposes, in books, and with conferences.
The following license applies:
Attribution CC BY-4.0
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.
Articles as a whole may not be re-published with another journal.