REVIEWING GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND HIV/AIDS AS INTERSECTING ISSUES

  • Goitseone Leburu North-West University, Mafikeng Campus
  • Nomonde Phetlho-Thekisho North-West University, Mafikeng Campus,

Abstract

Gender-based violence against women continues to be endemic in different forms and in different settings. This form of violence cuts across status, class, religion, race and economic barriers. It occurs at home, in society, in the immediate community, at the work place and in various institutions. This epidemic in most cases also puts women at a greater risk of contracting HIV and Aids. This article reviews gender-based violence and HIV and Aids as intersecting issues. Understanding these phenomena can provide valuable information that could be useful in generating new knowledge within an existing body of knowledge.

Author Biographies

Goitseone Leburu, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus
Social Worker, Ditsobotla Service Point
Nomonde Phetlho-Thekisho, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus,
LecturerNorth-West University, Mafikeng Campus

References

ABBOTT, P., WALLACE, C. & TYLER, M. 2005. An introduction to Sociology: feminist perspectives. Canada: Routledge Publishers.

AGENDA. 2012. Empowering women for gender equity: weaknesses in South Africa’s progress with women’s equality and the Millennium Development Goals. [Online] Available: http://dx.doiorg/10.1080/10130950.2012.674260 [Accessed: 02/07/2012].

AHIKIRE, J. & MWIINE, A.A. 2012. Addressing the links between gender-based violence and HIV in the Great Lakes region. Country Report Uganda. Kampala, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization: Unpublished.

AMDIE, G. 2005. Gender based violence & the risk of HIV infection among women attending voluntary counselling and testing services in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia: Addis Ababa University. (MA Thesis)

BALOGUN, M.O., OWOAJE, E.T. & FAWOLE, O.I. 2012. Intimate partner violence in Southwestern Nigeria: are there rural-urban differences? Women Health, 52(7):627-645.

BYWATERS, P., McLEOD, E. & NAIPER, L. 2009. Social work and global health inequities: practice and policy developments. Bristol: Policy Press.

CHATORA, B.E. 2013. The role of gender-based violence in HIV transmission among women in Lusaka Zambia. Western Cape: Stellenbosch University Publishers.

CENTRE FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION. 2005. National vital statistic report. Department of Health and Human Sciences: Unpublished.

CHIRIMUUTA, C. 2006. Gender and the Zimbabwe Education Policy: empowerment of perpetuation of gender imbalances. Unpublished.

COMPTON, B.R., GALAWAY, B. & COURNOYER, B. 2005. Social work processes. Belmont: Brokes/Coles Publishers.

DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH IN AFRICA. 2011. Economy & violence. UNCTAD: United Nations Publications.

DUNKLEA, K.L., JEWKES, R.K., BROWN, H.C., GRAYD, G.E., McINTYRE, J.A. & HARLOWA, S.D. 2004. Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infection. Social Science & Medicine (59):1581-1592.

ELLSBERG, M. & HEISE, L. 2005. Researching violence against women: a practical guide for researchers and activists. Washington DC: World Health Organization.

GIDDENS, A. 2006. Sociology. Cambridge: British library Publishers.

INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S FORUM. 2011. The status of women in South Africa: a preliminary report incorporating the findings of consultative roundtable discussions on Women Empowerment in South Africa. Project Report prepared by Frontier Advisory – International Women’s Forum (IWF) South Africa. Unpublished.

IWANIEC, D. 2006. Child & family social work: risk and resilience in cases of emotional abuse. Child and Family Social Work, 11(1):72-82.

KALICHMAN, S.C. & SIMBAYI, L.C. 2004. Sexual history and risks for sexually transmitted infections among women in an African township in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS CARE, 16(6):681-689.

KAMBARAMI, M. 2006. Femininity, sexuality and culture: patriarchy and female subordination in Zimbabwe. Alice: University of Fort Hare. (MA Thesis)

KARIM, Q.A. & KARIM, S.S.A. 2010. HIV and AIDS in South Africa. Cape Town: Cambridge University Publishers.

KHUMALO, B., MSIMANGA, S. & BOLLACH, K. 2013. Too costly to ignore the economic impact of gender-based violence. Unpublished.

KIRST-ASHMAN, K.K. 2007. Understanding generalist practice. Belmont: Thomson Brooks/Cole Publishers.

KRISHNAN, S., ROCCA, C.H., HUBBARD, A.E., SUBBIAH, K., EDMEADES, J. & PADIAN, N.S. 2010. Do changes in spousal employment status lead to domestic violence? Insights from a prospective study in Bangalore. India. Social Science & Medicine, 70(1):136-143.

LECLERC-MADLALA, S. 2000. Silence, AIDS and sexual culture in Africa. Aids Bulletin, 9(3):27-30.

LOPES, C. 2013. Criminal justice responses: assessing the implementation of the DVA in Gauteng HBS/TLAC Launch of Shadow Report. Johannesburg: Unpublished.

MANAGA, A. & CHIRORO, B. 2013. The scourge of gender-based violence in South Africa: Nordic Africa Institute Presentation paper. Unpublished.

MARSH, I. & MELVILLE, G. 2011. Moral panics & the British Media: a look at some contemporary folk devils. Liverpool: University of Liverpool Publishers.

MATTHEWS, T. 2012. Reviewing domestic violence and the South African Police Services. Unpublished.

MBALI, M. 2004. Aids discourse and the South African State: Government denialism and post-apartheid AIDS policy making in transformation. South Africa. Unpublished.

McDONALD, R., JOURILIES, E.N., JART, C.D. & MINZE, L.C. 2008. Children’s adjustment in families characterised by men’s violence towards women: does family violence matter. Dallas: Southern University Publishers.

MCUBE, V. & HARBER, C. 2013. Dynamics of violence in South African Schools. Pretoria: University of South Africa Publishers.

McLAREN, M. 2002. Feminism, Foucault & embodied subjectivity. Albany, NY: SUNY Publishers.

MORRISON, A., ELLSBERG, M. & BOTT, S. 2004. Addressing gender-based violence in Latin America & Caribbean Region: critical review of interventions. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3438. Unpublished.

NEOCOSMOS, M. 2010. From “foreign natives” to “native foreigners”: explaining xenophobia in post-apartheid South Africa. Dakar: CODESRIA.

PAYNE, M. 2005. Modern social work theory. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Publishers.

PELTZER, K. & PENGPID, S. 2013. The severity of violence against women by intimate partners and associations with perpetrator alcohol and drug. African Safety Promotion Journal, 11(1):1-24.

RSA MDG (Republic of South Africa Millennium Development Goals Report). 2013. The South Africa I know, the South Africa I understand. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa Publishers.

SEEDAT, M., VAN NIEKERK, A., JEWKES, R., SUFFIA, S. & RATELE, K. 2009. Violence and injuries in South Africa: prioritising an agenda for prevention. Lancet, 37(4):1011-1022.

SEILBERGER, C.D. 2011. Encyclopaedia of Applied Psychology. Oxford: Elsevier Academic Publishers.

SLATER, J. 2014. The ethical demise of the political policy of affirmative action as a motive for enhancing women and education in South Africa: a double setback of a reverse strategy. Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae, 40 (Supplement):239-348.

SMYTH, M. 2013. Ecological community, the sense of the world and senseless extension. Chicago: University of Chicago Publishers.

SOUTH AFRICA. 1996. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa. Act 108 of 1996. Government Gazette. Cape Town: Government Printer.

SOUTH AFRICA. 2007. Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Offences and Related Matters) Amendment. Act 32 of 2007. Government Gazette. Cape Town: Government Printer.

SOUTH AFRICA. 1998. Domestic Violence Act 116 of 1998. Government Gazette. Cape Town: Government Printer.

SOUTH AFRICA. 2003. Domestic Violence Act as amended Act 55 of 2003. Government Gazette. Cape Town: Government Printer.

SOUTH AFRICAN COMMUNIST PARTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE REPORT. 2014. Going to the root of the problem – SACP. [Online] Available: http://www. politicsweb.co.za/documents/going-to-the-root-of-the-problem-sacp.

[Accessed: 22/06/2015].

SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL ANTENATAL SENTINEL HIV & SYPHILIS PREVALENCE SURVEY. 2011. Pretoria: Department of Health.

SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL CRIME STATISTICS REPORT. 2013/14. Pretoria: South African Police Service.

STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA. 2013. Mid-year population estimates. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa.

STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA. 2014. Quarterly Labour Force Survey. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa.

SWANEPOEL, H. & DE BEER, F. 2006. Community Development: breaking the cycle of poverty. Durban: International Publishing (Southern Africa).

TURMEN, T. 2003. Gender and HIV and AIDS: International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. Switzerland: Elsevier Science Ireland Publishers.

UNAIDS fact Sheet. 2014. Global Statistics. [Online] Available: www.unaids.org/en/ resources/presscentre/factsheets. [Accessed: 10/03/2015].

WECHSBERG, W.M., PARRY, C. & JEWKES, R.K. 2010. Drugs, sex, and gender-based violence: the intersection of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic with vulnerable women. RTT Press Public 1005. Research Triangle Park NC RTT Press. doi. 10 3768/rtipress 2010 PB 0001 10 05.

WHO BULLETIN. 2004. Violence against women. Geneva: World Health Organization Publishers.

WHO. 2002. World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva: World Health Organization Publishers.

WHO. 2004. Violence against Women and HIV/AIDS: critical intersections of intimate partner violence and HIV/AIDS. Geneva: World Health Organisation Publishers.

WHO. 2012. Putting women first: ethical and safety recommendations for research on domestic violence against women. Department of Gender and Women’s Health Family and Community Health. Geneva: World Health Organization Publishers.

WHO. 2013. Global and regional estimates of violence of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. Geneva: World Health Organization.

WHO FACT SHEET. 2013. Intimate partner and sexual violence against women. Geneva: World Health Organization.

ZASTROW, C. 2009. Introduction to social work and social welfare: empowering people. Belmont: Brooks/Coles Publishers.

Published
2015-09-09
Section
Articles